Citation Sur Le Respect De L Autre 2006.09.29Hôs ephat’, dixerit quispiam, prendre plaisir disait l’autre… Mécanismes aux la citation et aux la couverts dans das langues aux l’Antiquité.

Vous lisez ce: Citation sur le respect de l autre

AGREAH. Recherches et Travaux, hors-série ne sont pas 15-2006
christian Nicolas, association des groupes du recherche en études ancien et humanistiques (Grenoble), Hôs ephat", dixerit quispiam, bénéficie disait l"autre ... Mécanismes de la devis et du la couvert dans les langues aux l"Antiquité. Recherches & travaux. Sauf série ; n°15. Grenoble: Université ns Grenoble 3, UFR de lettres autoritaire et modernes, impr. 2006. 1 vol. (370 p.-<6> p. Ns pl.) : ill. En le noir et und en coul. ; 24 cm.. ISBN 2951825455 €13.00.

The essays assembled in this le volume are thé result du a two-year seminar arranged par the combinaison des Groupes d’Études anciennes et Humanistiques (AGREAH) at the Stendhal college in Grenoble. Thé theme chosen for the seminar was thé variety de mention et quotation techniques in Greek and Latin texts—a relatively broad subject du inquiry, which, follow to auto introductory presentation of the collection, to be intended venir include ont many particular interests as possible. In that respect the volume is a success, its contribuera ranging indigenous Homer to auto Neo-Latin scholar Conrad Gesner and Jacques-Louis d’Estrebay, from dental poetry à pictorial representations of myths. The seventeen essays de the circonscriptions are organised in six different sections, preceded by a quick introduction de Christian Nicolas, and completed de a bibliography and an index du modern names. In thé following review seulement un a selection ns the essays will certainly be discussed.

The sapin section, “Homère, Homère, ruines recommencé”, comprises 3 essays (Létoublon, Alaux, Laizé). In her article on quotation et formulas in Homer, Françoise Létoublon come to auto not altogether surprising conclusion that in auto Homeric poems there is hardly any type of quotation in the proper sense ns the word. In fact, Létoublon argues that thé term ‘quotation’ go not après early Greek (oral) poetry, parce que le which ‘allusion’ would certainly be a more appropriate term. This notion, L. Argues, allows enregistrement of passage which mettre en ordre to a common oral tradition shared by the narrator and his audience.

Jean Alaux in his article on auto use de Homer in the Attic la tragédie takes a comparable line in suggesting that a list de Homeric echoes in Attic tragique based solely conditions météorologiques irrefutable literal meaning quotations would certainly be misleading. Along with identifiables quotations and allusions, A. Also discusses far-ranging motifs et themes. Passant par juxtaposing episodes from the Homeric epics and tragedy, A. Studies how the tragic episodes space imbued v a bien sur signification through auto epic, comment they represent something other de way ns the epic, jaune signify something other than auto epic. The results space interesting, and the procedure peut faire very fine be used in the analysis du other messages which have a clear et demonstrable relationship to another text jaune some est différent texts.

The section on “Fonctions idéologiques de texte cité” presents the don of Salamon, Cogitore, and Gangloff. Gérard Salamon’s piece on quotation du poets in auto third livre of auto Tusculan Disputations is a sequel to his recent study of Tusc. I et II.1 In her argument of poetic insertions in auto speeches du Dio ns Prusa, anne Gangloff differentiates between acknowledged quotation (which serves année ornamental purpose) and subtle mention or allusion (which expects the audience to recognise the original). Elle notices the Dio seems venir take much auto same free in manipulating the poetic texts when cette is quoting as when hey is do a couverts of them, maybe integrating the verse originals in his own prose. At the end du the article G. Suggests thé possibility of extending this line du inquiry from city to all other genres on which Dio color etc in his speeches.

The partie entitled “Formes und matériaux” accommodates auto more linguistically-oriented contribuer of Nicolas, Claisse, and Colombat. Le christianisme Nicolas études the well-known awkwardness ns Latin when ce comes à treating meta-language. The lack du typological mite such as quotation marks, italics etc. Is only one part of the problem, which could be resolved (and indeed was) passant par releasing the meta-language from thé rules du agreement which are at jouer in simple language; occasionally authors do indicate meta-language by the absent of auto mechanical rules ns agreement. Since thé Greek definite article can it is in used à indicate meta-language, Greek has année advantage end Latin.

Bernard Colombat’s essay is involved with an extraordinary sixteenth-century text, auto Swiss encyclopaedist Conrad Gesner’s Mithridates, aux differentiis linguarum tum veterum tum quae hodie apud diuersas nationes in toto orbe terrarum in usu sunt. Thé work is année alphabetically organised catalogue of the world’s languages et their speakers, structured oui a compilation of je vous demande pardon authors, both ancient et modern, ont said about languages. Ont practically naught in this job-related is *not* a quotation, thé originality de Gesner’s Mithridates lies no in that is content cible rather in the selection and alphabetical lagencement of it . Ensemble with bruno Bureau’s study du Cassiodorus’ commentary conditions météorologiques the psalms in auto following section ns the volume, C.’s contribution shows the compilations can, and should, be learned in their very own rights, quite than merely viewed oui the sum total of the works used passant par the compilers/authors.

The suivant section, “Usages chrétiens de la citation”, i m sorry comprises thé studies de Gain, Vianès, Gosserez, et Bureau, is the longest une in thé volume. Benoît Gain’s job-related offers année overview du quotation practices in early le christianisme Latin literature . His results suggest that croyant writers treated pagan and Christian literary works in more jaune less the same manner, at the very least when auto Holy Scripture to be left out de the account.

Laurence Vianès recherche Origen’s exegesis de the resurrection prophecy venir Israel in Ezekiel 37:1-14. This is a passage which worked out Origen numerous times, ont he sought venir give cette some significance venir Christians as well ont Jews.

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Cette compared ce with various est différent passages from the Bible, displaying a knowledge ns the Scriptures soja precise the his recollection of verses resembles a concordance.

The two critique sections, auto shortest people in auto collection, contain two éléments each: the section conditions météorologiques “Citations plastiques” has contributions par Cousin et Casanova-Robin, when “Souvenirs, foins l’Antique en kit” functions essays passant par Arnoux-Le Bras and Furno. Catherine Cousin’s study du ‘mention and quotation’ in ancient Greek vase-painting is one of the many interesting articles in auto volume. The acte of quoting is debated from three different angles. Firstly, C. Discusses thé relationship between literary and pictorial representations ns the exact same motif. Even when a photographic representation deserve to be considered to be the visual ‘quotation’ du a literature text, parallels between auto two types of representation rarely produce année exact correspondence. Consequently, speaking de ‘quotation’ merely will not à faire in this context, , since the visual representation is undeniably the painter’s independent elaboration de a literary text; at most thé process pouvez be described as ‘mention’, jaune allusive technique . Secondly, C. Discusses part examples du quotation within the system ns pictorial representation, i.e. Thé repetition of images or iconographic fads in auto treatment of different subject-matters, regularly resulting in contamination. The app of this concept to the visual arts is interesting. In auto realm du texts, contamination is what happens when une text is detached native its d’origine context venir fit année entirely new context; with this process the quoted text receives a nouveau significance which, fairly than replacing auto old one, is superimposed on cette . Finally, cousine discusses auto matter of quotation ns literary texts, largely poetry, inscribed nous the paintings. Literature quotation appartenant à a distinct problem pour modern viewers , who space not in the emplacement to recognise thé literary la source unless the d’origine text, or indirect references to it, have survived. Old viewers were no necessarily acquainted with this problem, provided that they had the adequate upbringing et came from auto appropriate milieu, in short, noted that they belonged to the artist’s intended public (which is a problem cousine does not take properly right into consideration). Auto literary quotations deserve to take one de three forms: explicit couverts of thé author’s name, representation ns a narrative episode v tags making the la source recognisable, and verbatim transcription ns one or more present (either complete or not).

The theme of the volume, undefined as it was at auto outset, is so wide that inevitably outcomes in good diversity between the individual contributions. The topic is vast in itself; in auto present volume cette has become even broader tandis que to two circumstances. First, thé organisers of the seminar on purpose avoided any kind of prescriptive definition du the state at sortir (“citation rang mention”). Consequently, contributors appear to oui been working conditions météorologiques the basis du their own understanding du the notions, sometimes providing meanings (whether original or established), but more regularly than not simply taking them à la granted. Second, some du the files noticeably move away from thé proposed topic, ont they step into related areas such ont aemulatio, exemplum, testimonium. Thé broadness of the subject-matter is both a strength and a weakness ns the collection. Reader seeking a an ext generally applicable discuter on quotation et mention in classical times will be disappointed; in this respect the title de the chercheur demploi is somewhat misleading. Nous the est différent hand, many ns the don give nourriture for thought, especially when the authors oui ventured venir embark nous more generalising reflections oui might arise from auto specific subject matter which is their instant concern.


Christian Nicolas, Présentation de recueil en forme de synthèse.

Françoise Létoublon, Citations et formules chez Homère.

Jean Alaux, les usages tragiques d’Homère.

Christelle Laizé, ns formulaire homérique à lintérieur l’ Énéide aux Virgile: entre citation, allusion et réécriture.

Gérard Salamon, das citations des philosophes à lintérieur le livre III des Tusculanes : forme et sens.

Isabelle Cogitore, esquive sénatus-consultes dans esquive Annales du Tacite.

Anne Gangloff, Mentions rang citations aux poètes à la maison Dion Chrysostome: manipur et statut aux la déclaré mythico-poétique à lintérieur le discurs sophistique.

Christian Nicolas, Les contours linguistiques flous aux la mention.

Muriel Claisse, L’inscription aux discours citationnel et métadiscursif dedans l’ epos cicéronien: l’exemple du la dabord Catilinaire.

Bernard Colombat, Citations des sources, cité des langues dans le Mithridate du Conrad Gesner.

Benoît Gain, Citations isolées rang citations groupées dans la littérature christian des premièrement siècles.

Laurence Vianès, esquive ossements dispersés venir corps ns l’Église: Ézéchiel 37, 1-14 à lintérieur un groupement du citations chez Origène.

Laurence Gosserez, Citations païennes dans das paraphrases biblique préfacielles aux Prudence.

Bruno Bureau, lettre composé, texte composite: ns mécanisme du la citation et sa effet dans certains commentaires ns psaumes ns Cassiodore.

Catherine Cousin, couverture et devis dans l’imagerie antique.

Hélène Casanova-Robin, du la citation à l’illustration: la fable d’Adonis, d’Ovide du peintres modernes.

Florence Arnoux-Le Bras, applicatif des citations-exemples renversement à cicéron et à Quintilien à lintérieur le livre I ns De electione und oratoria collocatione verborum ns Jacques-Louis d’Estrebay (1481-c. 1550).

Martine Furno, Un appris suisse et ses montagnes: spontanéité et écrire livresque à lintérieur l’ Epistola aux montium admiratione ns Conrad Gesner.

Christian Nicolas, dossier générale.


1. “Les citations dans les Tusculanes: un couple remarques d’environ les baies I und II”, in: C. Darbo-Peschanski, ed., La cite dans l’Antiquité. Actes du colloque aux PARSA.

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Lyon, ENS LSH, 6-8 novembre 2002. Grenoble 2004: 135-146.